About Romania

Being crossed by the parallel 45 ° N, Romania is located halfway between the Equator and the North Pole, Europe, our country occupies a prominent center of the meridian of 25 ° E long, equidistant from the western and eastern continental ¬ ment. Romania is a country of medium size, with an area of 238 391 km2.
Romania’s neighbors are, to the north, Ukraine to the east, Moldova and Ukraine again, in southern Bulgaria, in western Hungary and Serbia and Montenegro.
Some of the natural borders with neighboring countries are being formed by the Danube , Prut, Tisa.

Eastern Carpathians is the niai large mountainous area of our country. They are caught between the border with Ukraine. in the north, and Prahova Valley in the south.
Most of them formed by folded, volcanic occur only in the West, whose cones and craters are still visible. The highest elevation (2303 m) is in Rodna Mountains Peak Pietrosu. Broad valleys and mountain passes allowed populating these since ancient times.
At the foot of the eastern and southern Carpathians stretch Subcarpathians two groups: of Moldova and Curvature. They are made up of hills formed by folded, as the hills, interspersed with large depressions.
Curvature Sub-Carpathians are present in the special natural phenomena, such as mud volcanoes and fires alive.
Moldavian Plateau, the largest of the country’s highlands, is located in the east, being limited to Moldova by the Prut River. Gentle hills, a little high and fertile soils make this plateau a major agricultural area especially for cereals and grape-vines.

Carpathians stretch from Prahova Valley, east and Timis rivers and their valleys Cerna, west.
Carpathians are the highest mountains in Romania, with 11 of their peaks exceeding 2500 m height compared to other branches Carpathian, these mountains have a great massiveness, with a few depressions and clouds. Glacial landscape is well represented, circuses and landscapes înfrumuseţând glacial lakes in all groups Carpathians. At the southern foot of the mountains is Subcarpathians Getic – well populated lowlands and hills whose inhabitants are engaged in fruit growing, viticulture, growing grain and livestock.
between Dâmboviţa, east and Danube, west, Getic Plateau is composed of large hills, gentle, low sloped south.
Plateau Mehedinti relief smallest unit of our country, has a picturesque due to numerous gorges and caves, but also because plants.

Western Carpathians place in western Romania, are limited in the south of the Danube and north of Valley Barcăului. Western Carpathians are the shorter (three peaks slightly above 1800 m) and the most fragmented of the Romanian Carpathians. Its broad valleys and valleys into three island groups: Mountains Banat and Apuseni Mountains Poiana Rusca.
the extension of the Western Carpathians, Western Hills form a waist at times interrupted by the Western Plain submit along rivers in the form of “bays” that slips through the mountains.

Dobrogea Plateau is located in southeastern Romania, between the Danube and the Black Sea.
North of the mountain range comes from a very old today has the appearance of low hilly ridges and blunt. the southern plateau resembles a plain crossed by large valleys.
It is a dry area which required the use of irrigation for agriculture.
Black Sea, Dobrogea Plateau ends with a narrow strip of beach dotted with lakes, beaches and cliffs.
Delta is the youngest and lowest region of our country. It is a wonderful land of arms, lakes and canals including small slips and dry surfaces: k sandbanks and islets.
The rich vegetation, formed mostly of reeds and willow forest and even oak, hosts a diverse wildlife: pelicans, egrets, ducks and geese * etc. Delta that make a true “kingdom” of birds.

Located in the center of our country Transylvanian Depression occurs as a natural fortress defended by walls that surround Carpathians.
The landscape consists of rolling hills with heights between 500 and 700 m, sometimes higher near the mountains. The main resources are natural gas, salt and coal. Cereals, grape vines, fruit trees and livestock are traditional occupations.
Old cities: Cluj-Napoca, Alba Iulia, Sighisoara.

 

Romanian Plain, the largest relief unit of the country, is located south of the Danube. Relief is inclined from north to south and from west to east. Plains highest and the lowest, are crossed by rivers with broad valleys and plains and smooth.

The largest part of the Romanian Plain, heath, sand dunes and the small grooves called dales.

Because of the position they occupy within Europe, Romania has a temperate continental climate-tion. Thus, our country enjoys four seasons, temperatures and rainfall-rate mode generally sufficient. The landscape varied natural setting determines climate. Thus, CAM-ciples the higher temperatures, and lower precipitation.
The mountainous climate is colder, longer winters and rainfall, especially in the form of snow.

Black Sea is your southeast of our country, is a great continental “being almost entirely surrounded by land. The Black Sea has an area of 413.500 km “and a maximum depth of 2245 m, in addition to the Danube flows into the Black Sea and other rivers (Dniester, Dnieper and others,) which bring large amounts of fresh water, thus the surface layer is less salty water in many living creatures. Most of them are in approxi * mation shores: algae, oysters, jellyfish, fish, dolphins.
Romanian Black Sea allows waterways to countries on all continents. Coastal tourism, fisheries, oil resources and other riches are offered.

To be more manageable, Romania is organized in counties, cities, towns and villages.
Thus, in our country there are 41 counties plus Bucharest, 263 cities, 67 municipality, and nearly 2700 communes.
Counties are the largest and most complex territorial units having constituted municipalities, towns, communes. Municipalities are the largest and most important cities in Romania, some of them the county seats.
Municipalities, the smallest administrative units.

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